What are Swollen Eyelids?
What are swollen eyelids?
A swollen eyelid occurs when there is inflammation or excess fluid (edema) in the connective tissues surrounding the eye. Swollen eyes may or may not be painful, and the condition can affect both the upper and lower eyelids.
It's important that you visit your eye doctor for a thorough eye exam if your symptoms persist, worsen or change.
Symptoms of swollen eyelids
Swelling of the eyelids is a symptom of an underlying cause, such as allergy or infection. Swollen eyes usually are accompanied by one or more of the following:
Eye irritation, such as an itchy or scratchy sensation
Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
Excess tear production, resulting in watering eyes
Obstructed vision (depending on the extent of the swelling)
Redness of the eyelid
Eyelid dryness or flaking
Pain, particularly when swollen eyelids are caused by infection
Here is a closer look at some of the most common symptoms of swollen eyelids:
Your swollen eyelids may be the result of allergies. Most of the time, itchy eyes are caused by some type of allergy. An irritating substance — such as pollen, dust and animal dander — causes the release of compounds called histamines in the tissues around the eyes, which results in itching, redness and swelling.
Your eyelids may swell as a reaction to photophobia, or light sensitivity, which is an intolerance of light. Sources such as sunlight, fluorescent light and incandescent light all can cause discomfort, along with a need to squint or close your eyes. Headaches also may accompany light sensitivity.
Swollen eyelids can be caused by watery eyes. What causes the watery eyes? Chronic irritation from dry eye syndrome can result in an over-production of the watery component of tears, which is produced by glands located behind the upper eyelid (lacrimal glands).
Your swollen eyelids may be a result of redness in your eyes. Red or bloodshot eyes are very common and have many causes. Red eye usually is a symptom of other eye conditions that can range from benign to serious.
Eye discharge, or "sleep" in your eyes, could be causing the swelling of your eyelids. Eye discharge is a combination of mucus, oil, skin cells and other debris that accumulates in the corner of your eye while you sleep. It can be wet and sticky or dry and crusty, depending on how much of the liquid in the discharge has evaporated.
Dry eye syndrome can cause a range of issues, including swollen eyelids. Dry eye syndrome is caused by a chronic lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of the eye. Consequences of dry eyes range from subtle but constant eye irritation to significant inflammation and even scarring of the front surface of the eye.
Eye pain is frequently accompanied by blurred vision, redness (bloodshot eyes), sensitivity to light and swollen eyelids. Eye pain is a catch-all phrase to describe discomfort on, in, behind or around the eye.
When to see an eye doctor
If your eyelid swelling doesn't recede with home remedies (see our article on "How to treat swollen eyelids"), your eye doctor can prescribe additional treatments.
Puffy vs. swollen eyes
The term "puffy eyes" often is interchangeable with "swollen eyes," but the two conditions are different.
Swollen eyes is generally used to describe an immune response to allergy, infection or injury, whereas "puffy eyes" is more likely used to refer to the external physical characteristic of swollen eyes from water retention, lack of sleep, or genetic traits like dark circles under the eyes.
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Page updated March 2020