Canthoplasty surgery for a larger, almond-shaped eye
What is canthoplasty?
Canthoplasty, also known as cat-eye surgery, is an elective eyelid surgery that can modify the shape and size of the eyes. It reshapes and repositions the upper outer corner of the eye, giving the eye a cat-eye shape, which is considered attractive. Canthoplasty has also been referred to as fox eyes or designer eyes.
It is said that the eyes are the windows to the soul, and the eyelids create distinctive “window frames.” The shape of eyelids naturally varies according to age, gender, genetics and ethnicity.
Most individuals interested in lateral canthoplasty want their eyes to appear larger, brighter and more attractive. Canthoplasty reshapes the eyelids to appear slanted slightly upward. That slight upward slant is reminiscent of a cat’s eyes, thus the nickname cat-eye surgery or cat eyelift.
For those of East Asian decent, the goal is to open the eyes and lower their already slanted eyes, with the same goal of making the eyes appear larger and brighter.
Canthoplasty may also be helpful if lids droop too much, which can occur with age. It can also correct lower eyelids that are turned outward (called ectropion), resulting in the eye becoming exposed, and therefore dry and vulnerable to corneal abrasions and eye infections.
Preparation for a canthoplasty procedure
Canthoplasty is an outpatient procedure that is usually performed with local anesthesia to numb the eye, supplemented by intravenous sedation to relax the patient.
However, you may require general anesthesia if you plan to undergo other cosmetic procedures at the same time.
If you need general anesthesia, you will be given an intravenous (IV) injection that will put you to sleep for the entire procedure, which can last several hours, depending on the complexity of the surgery you have requested.
Before the procedure and particularly if you'll be undergoing general anesthesia, you may be asked to:
Stop taking any medication that can thin your blood and prevent it from clotting normally. This includes pain relievers such as aspirin and ibuprofen.
Eat a light meal the evening before your surgery.
Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
On the morning of your procedure, take essential medications — such as those for blood pressure — with a small sip of water.
Do not wear makeup on the day of surgery.
Make sure someone is available to transport you home and stay with you for the first few hours after surgery.
What happens during a canthoplasty procedure?
Procedures are typically performed in a clinic or at your doctor's office. The surgeon will evaluate the eye and take several measurements. They will then make several small incisions in order to temporarily detach a tendon that is called the lateral canthal tendon. This tendon is a band of dense connective tissue that is the primary support structure for the lower eyelid. The muscle that opens and closes the eye also helps support it.
The lateral canthus is the point where your upper and lower eyelids form a horizontal “v” shape.
The surgeon will shorten and reattach the tendon, leading to the desired cat-eye appearance. The entire procedure takes one to two hours.
After the procedure is completed and the incisions are closed and stitched, the eye will then be covered with a dressing to protect it from infection and reduce swelling.
How long does it take to recover from canthoplasty?
Recovery from canthoplasty takes about a week to ten days. During that time bruising and swelling will slowly diminish.
Your surgeon will prescribe oral antibiotics and eye ointment, as well as eye drops. Minor redness and swelling may take several more weeks to completely disappear.
Often, the sutures used for your procedure will dissolve on their own in four to seven days, and you will not need to have them removed. If non-dissolving sutures are used, then your surgeon will remove them about a week after the procedure.
Both types of sutures give the same end result. By one month, almost all swelling should be gone, and the eyes will no longer appear bloodshot. You will be asked to wait about a month so that eyes are fully healed before going into a sauna, swimming pool or wearing contact lenses.
While the actual incision line may appear slightly red for a few months, it can be concealed with a bit of makeup, and will no longer be noticeable.
Always call your surgeon immediately if you have symptoms such as severe pain or a change in vision following a procedure.
How much does canthoplasty cost?
The cost of canthoplasty will depend on the surgeon, the geographic area of the country you live in and the specific procedure required for your eyes. It will also depend on whether you will be having other cosmetic procedures at the same time.
The average cost of cosmetic eyelid surgery is around $3,200, according to a 2019 survey from the American Society of Plastic Surgeons. This average cost is only part of the total price — it does not include anesthesia, operating room facilities or other related expenses. Please consult with your plastic surgeon's office to determine your final cost.
Health insurance will not cover cosmetic canthoplasty, unless your canthoplasty is done to correct a medical condition.
What are the possible complications of canthoplasty?
Canthoplasty risks are the same as for most cosmetic surgery procedures. Though rare, these could include infection and excessive bleeding.
If you follow the surgeon’s aftercare instructions, these are unlikely. Another risk is a poorly performed procedure that leads to asymmetry between the two eyes.
What is the difference between canthoplasty and blepharoplasty?
Canthoplasty is distinct from blepharoplasty, often called an eyelift. Blepharoplasty removes excess skin from the lower or upper eyelid without modifying the shape or size of the eye. A canthoplasty is sometimes performed along with blepharoplasty.
Sometimes canthoplasty is performed to correct an unattractive lower lid position caused by trauma or by a poorly performed blepharoplasty. And canthoplasty may also be performed to complement cosmetic procedures such as a brow lift or mid-face lift.
What is the difference between canthoplasty and canthopexy?
Canthopexy is a simpler procedure to canthoplasty, but it does not require cutting or detaching the muscles or lateral canthal tendon. A canthopexy repositions the outside corner of the eye where the eyelids meet, restoring a youthful, uplifted eye.
It is often paired with blepharoplasty. Like canthoplasty, it can help make the eye appear younger, but it will not actually lift the eye or give it the slanted shape.
What should I look for in an eyelid surgeon?
Choose an eyelid surgeon with extensive experience in the specific procedure you are interested in. This will help reduce the risk of complications and increase the chances of a positive result. Check, too, for any board certification from plastic or cosmetic surgeon professional associations.
READ NEXT: Cat eye syndrome: Causes, symptoms and treatment
More cosmetic eye health articles
Are eye tattoos as bad as they sound?
Lash extensions: Pros, cons and helpful tips
Eyelid surgery: What it is, how much it costs, what the risks are
Eyebrow piercing: Complications and prevention
Oculoplastic surgery techniques. Eyerounds. Dec 2017.
Cosmetic lateral canthoplasty: preserving the lateral canthal angle. Arch Plast Surg. Jul 2016.
Keep canthopexy, canthoplasty in your sights for periorbital aging. MDedge. December 2015.
Algorithm for the management of ectropion through medial and lateral canthopexy. Arch Plast Surg. Nov 2018.
Complications in blepharoplasty: how to avoid and manage them. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol. 2011 Jun.
Prophylactic lateral canthopexy in lower blepharoplasties. Arch Facial Plast Surg. May-Jun 2003.
Anatomy of the lateral canthal tendon. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2000 Jan.
Cosmetic lateral canthoplasty: Lateral canthoplasty to lengthen the lateral canthal angle and correct the outer tail of the eye. Arch Plast Surg. Jul 2016.
Comparison of absorbable with nonabsorbable sutures in closure of facial skin wounds Arch Facial Plast Surg. Nov-Dec 2003.
How much does eyelid surgery cost? American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Accessed April 2021.
Page published on Thursday, May 27, 2021