HomePink eye vs. stye: What’s the difference?

Pink eye vs. stye: What’s the difference?

A young woman experiencing eye discomfort gently covers her eye with her hand

It can be difficult to tell the difference between pink eye (conjunctivitis) and a stye, especially early on. The two conditions have several symptoms and signs in common, including itching, redness and discomfort. However, only a stye is characterized by a painful red bump on the eyelid.

Here’s how to identify whether you’re experiencing pink eye or a stye, what symptoms to expect and how to treat each condition:

Causes

One of the biggest differences between pink eye and a stye is what causes each condition. Although they are both common eye infections, they have varying causes. Pink eye can be caused by bacteria, viruses or allergens, while all styes are caused by bacteria.

Pink eye causes

The three main types of pink eye are viral, allergic and bacterial. Each type can result from something different, but some of the most common pink eye causes include:

  • Allergens (dust, pollen, pet dander, smoke or chemicals)

  • A virus such as a cold or the flu

  • Foreign objects entering the eye

  • Irritation from cosmetics, cleansers or contact lenses

  • Exposure to bacteria

Stye causes

A stye (also called a hordeolum) occurs when bacteria causes inflammation or infection at the base of an eyelash follicle (an external hordeolum) or within one of the eyelid’s small oil glands (an internal hordeolum). That bacteria can be introduced to your eyes if you:

  • Touch or rub your eyes frequently

  • Go to sleep with eye makeup on

  • Wear contact lenses longer than their intended use

  • Maintain overall poor eye hygiene

Symptoms

Some signs and symptoms of pink eye and styes are similar, but only a stye can be identified by a pimple-like bump on the eyelash line or eyelid.

Pink eye symptoms

Pink eye symptoms can include:

  • Itching

  • Redness, both in and around the eye

  • Irritation and/or inflammation

  • Watering eyes

  • Sticky eye discharge

Stye symptoms

Styes will have symptoms such as:

  • A small, pimple-like bump on the eyelash line or eyelid

  • Inflammation of the eyelid

  • Redness

  • Droopy eyelids

  • Tenderness

  • Crusty discharge

Treatment

Viral pink eye, bacterial pink eye and styes typically go away on their own within a week or two, but if symptoms worsen, affect vision or change in appearance, they may require a visit to the eye doctor for assessment and treatment.

Pink eye treatment

When it comes to pink eye treatment, the following remedies may help with the condition:

  • Avoid wearing eye makeup and contact lenses

  • Apply cold or warm compresses

  • Use over-the-counter pain relievers, ointments or artificial tears

  • Use a personal towel and linens to avoid spreading the infection

  • Avoid allergens and take allergy medications as needed

If you have chronic conjunctivitis — pink eye that just won’t go away — or worsening symptoms, make an appointment with your eye doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Stye treatment

Here’s what you can do to help get rid of a stye:

  • Avoid wearing eye makeup and contact lenses

  • Apply warm compresses, such as a warm washcloth or warm tea bag

  • Use over-the-counter eye ointment and pain reliever

  • Never pop a stye

If a stye gets to a point where it impairs your vision, contact your eye doctor. Some circumstances may require prescription stye medication, a steroid shot or even surgical stye removal.

Are pink eye and styes contagious?

Viral and bacterial pink eye are very contagious. Usually, styes are not contagious, though it is possible to spread the bacteria with direct contact. To help prevent spreading the virus or bacteria that cause the infection, avoid sharing towels and linens, keep your eyes clean and wash your hands thoroughly and regularly.

Unless a secondary infection develops, allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious.

Prevention

When it comes to preventing pink eye and styes, hygiene is key — this goes for hands, eyes and products that come in contact with your eyes. To help prevent both conditions, you should:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly and regularly

  • Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes

  • Clean or replace makeup products and makeup tools often

  • Remove makeup completely before sleep

  • Avoid sharing eye makeup tools or products that come in direct contact with eyes

  • Keep contact lenses clean and do not wear lenses past their expiration or intended use

If you experience vision changes or pain in or around your eyes but aren’t sure what’s causing it, schedule an appointment with your eye doctor.

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