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What are Myopia Symptoms?

There are several symptoms of myopia (nearsightedness), all of which are fairly easy to recognize.

Myopia is the most common and fastest growing refractive error of the eye. A refractive error is an abnormality of the size or shape of the eyeball or its components that affects its ability to focus light on the retina. As the name indicates, nearsighted people see nearby objects quite clearly, but they strain to see things that are farther away.

In addition to blurry distance vision, signs and symptoms of myopia include squinting, excessive blinking, eye rubbing, headaches, eye strain and an apparent unawareness of distant objects.

Nearsightedness usually begins in childhood. A typical complaint of nearsighted schoolchildren is that they have trouble reading what’s written on the classroom chalkboard or whiteboard. Myopia generally stabilizes by age 20, but it can continue to progress in early adulthood.

If your child is experiencing myopia symptoms, schedule a complete eye exam with an optometrist or ophthalmologist. Children who are nearsighted should have annual eye exams to help maintain excellent vision during the school years.

Nearsightedness usually doesn’t pose a risk to eye health, but it’s important to get an early diagnosis and treatment to ensure that it does not become a degenerative condition.

Myopia can be corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses. When the condition stabilizes, refractive surgery can permanently correct nearsightedness. Surgical options include LASIK and PRK laser procedures, which have been proven safe and effective. AAV

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Page updated September 2018