Shooting Glasses and Hunting Eyewear
Eye protection is essential for anyone using a firearm, whether at a shooting range or in a forest or field.
All firearms have a certain amount of recoil, and many shooting activities take place outdoors where wind, sun and dust also can lead to eye and vision problems.
Shotguns and rifles are held on the shoulder, while handguns are no more than an arm's length away. These different shooting activities occur in close proximity to the face, which means you should take every precaution to shield your eyes from harm.
Good eye protection makes sense and often is required during organized matches or while shooting on a range. Some rangemasters allow shooters to wear any kind of eyewear they like, but sometimes certain safety standards are required.
Generic, contoured nonprescription sports goggles are acceptable if you don't require vision correction or if you wear contact lenses. These goggles have a slight wrap around the face and keep out wind and dust.
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Eyewear designed for shooters, however, has a few more features to make you more comfortable while using a firearm:
Wiley X Guard includes three interchangeable, shatterproof lenses in colors of smoke gray, clear and light rust for variable lighting conditions. The lenses are certified as highly shatter-resistant, even when hit by a .15 caliber steel fragment fired at a minimum of 640 feet per second. Your own eyeglass prescription also can be incorporated into these frames.
- The frame styles generally have a "sweat bar" that runs the width of the frame above the lenses to add stability to the frame for a secure fit.
- The frames also are made in a rounded shape, to avoid sharp corners that could jab your face.
- Some brands have special padding on the frame around the eyes. The padding cushions the frame against your face in case the gun recoils too far. This also helps to keep out wind and dust.
Additional Frame Features in Shooting Glasses
The temples of shooting glasses often are designed with spring hinges that allow the frame to flex without breaking when recoil occurs. Temples also wrap around the ear in the "cable" style to help keep the frame in place, and the tips of the temples may feature rounded ends to enhance comfort.
Some shooting glasses feature bridges that adjust to one of several locking positions so that the glasses are positioned just right for any shot.
How To Choose the Right Lenses for Shooting Glasses
Polycarbonate lenses with a scratch-resistant hard coat and built-in ultraviolet protection have been the lenses of choice for shooting glasses for many years. This lens material is highly impact-resistant to provide you with maximum "blow-back" and "bounce-back" protection.
A similar lightweight, impact-resistant material called Trivex also may be a good choice. Ask your eye care professional for details about this new lens material.
Many nonprescription shooting glasses come with several pairs of interchangeable lenses for use under different lighting and atmospheric conditions. Prescription lenses can be made to order in whatever color you deem most appropriate. Ask your optician for details.
Lens tints also can be a factor in the performance of shooting glasses. Many shooters are comfortable in lenses that are yellow or orange. Lenses in these hues block haze and blue light and enhance the orange color of the target. The brighter yellow the lens color is, the better it is for use in low contrast and near-dark conditions.
Alternatively, a light purple color, which actually is a combination of a neutral gray and a vermilion, is good for enhancing the orange of a target against a background of tall trees.
Vermilion itself is useful to highlight conditions where there is poor background, such as trees, and to enhance the target against the background. Gray is a neutral, or "true," color that lets you see all colors as they are. Gray shooting lenses do not enhance the target, but they reduce glare in bright sunlight.
Polarized shooting lenses can be made in almost any color. Polarized lenses reduce glare caused by light reflecting off water and other flat surfaces, so outdoor vision is enhanced.
[Page updated May 2014]